Metafiction is like this character coming out of the page. It's breaking rules. It's being in your face, especially with illustrations.
Metafiction happens: - when a book can be read straightforwardly or backwards, - or normally and upside down too. - It’s when a book pops and tells its story, - or the gutter tells us more about the story than the story itself. - and characters are breaking out of the page.
It's when a song illustrates the concept much better than words: See "Take on Me" by A-ha:
Or serves an outer purpose in movies and TV-shows: When Frank Underwood talks to the viewer and invites us to watch the second season of House of Cards.
It's about knowing the rules to break them better.
You know that the main character is supposed to figure on each page, but in Metafiction, not always...
Sometimes the book literally gobbles up a character. Only his leash is left behind. Sometimes the main character doesn’t want to come out unless someone really insists.
You know that the main character is supposed never to talk to you, the reader, but in Metafiction, not always...
Some characters are in your face.
You are supposed to read or (as a matter of fact) write a book in a certain order, in a manner that makes sense, the unique-sensible way!, but in Metafiction, not always...
Some books are out of control... Another one had been canceled... The last one uses mistakes to create its own story!
Metafiction can be all these things and much more.